Unless you live under a rock (or bury your head in the sand like an ostrich), you have probably heard that the Supreme Court of the United States will hear two cases pertaining to marriage equality in 2013 – with decisions expected by the end of June 2013. This could make for an unbelievable Pride month:
One of the cases, from California, could establish or reject a constitutional right to same-sex marriage. Another case, from New York, challenges a federal law that requires the federal government to deny benefits to gay and lesbian couples married in states that allow such unions.
The courtâ€™s move comes against the backdrop of a rapid shift in public attitudes about same-sex marriage, with recent polls indicating that a majority of Americans support allowing such unions. After last monthâ€™s elections, the number of states authorizing same-sex marriage increased by half, to nine.
The courtâ€™s docket is now crowded with cases about the meaning of equality, with the new cases joining ones on affirmative action in higher education and the future of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Decisions in all of those cases are expected by June.
The new California case, Hollingsworth v. Perry, No. 12-144, was filed in 2009 by Theodore B. Olson and David Boies, two lawyers who were on opposite sides in the Supreme Courtâ€™s decision in Bush v. Gore, which settled the 2000 presidential election. The suit argued that Californiaâ€™s voters had violated the federal Constitution the previous year when they overrode a decision of the stateâ€™s Supreme Court allowing same-sex marriages.